These disease carrying pests pose a serious threat to the hiker. During the spring and summer months. The diseases they transmit can wreak havoc on a hiker’s body. Elrichosis, Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever are just a few of the tick-borne pathogens.
Most hikers do not adhere to wearing long sleeves and pants. Tucking in the shirt and pant legs is rarely done this day in age. You may want to consider treating your clothing with pyrethrum. Today you can purchase clothing suitable for hiking already coated with this substance. You may also apply a repellent containing at least 30% Deet to all exposed skin.
Once off the trail, it is advisable to shower and perform a tick check as soon as possible. Be sure to check the armpits, hair, ears inside and behind, belly button, behind the knees and groin area.
If you find a tick it is not longer recommended to remove the tick by poking it with a hot match head. Instead, use tweezers and grab the tick as close to the skin as possible and slowly pull it out. If the head of the tick is not removed, be sure to do so. Then wash the area and disinfect it.
If you develop a fever, rash, muscle and/or joint aches, flu-like symptoms be sure to mention these to your physician. Lyme disease is very serious and can cause permanent damage in bones and the nervous system. Tick bites that develop a bulls-eye ring means you are infected and should be treated immediately!